What do the Sai Fork and karate have in common? Both were developed by the islanders of Okinawa. Both the weapon and the martial art at that time pursued the goal of defending against samurai attacks. Sai forks captivate with their unique ability to incapacitate sword attackers at close range.

First things first:

  • Sai forks are used in martial arts such as Kobudo.
  • However, fighters must demonstrate true zeal, discipline and perseverance in training before they are able to use sai forks
  • Only persons older than 18 are allowed to use real sai forks
  • The defensive weapon should always be carried in a locked container.
DEPICE Unisex Erwachsene Sai-gabeln Chrom - Octagon-profil Paar Trainingswaffe, Chrom, 54.5 cm EU
  • 2x Original Sai Gabeln für Kobudo, Karate, Formen etc.
  • 8-eckiges Profil, schwere Verarbeitung aus verchromtem Stahl
  • Länge: ca. 54,5 cm

Backgrounds: Origin & Application

  • Application: The Sai Fork originated from the desire to disarm attackers who used a stick or sword. It served as a self-defense weapon. The common people of Japan used the sai. Peasants defended themselves with this weapon against attacks of samurai. Strong and trained fighters were able to cut a sword in two with one blow. For this reason, you will often encounter the synonym sword breaker
  • Origin: The Sai Fork, also known as the Sai, is a specific weapon. It comes from the Japanese island of Okinawa. This island is considered the place of origin of karate. The weapon is used in Karate as well as in Kobudō. In addition, there is the Manjisai. It represents a modification of the Sai. Jitte, on the other hand, is a similar weapon. It is used in Koryū. In wushu, silat and kalarippayat, the sai fork is also used.
  • Weapon, not implement: Mistakenly, those who are not familiar with the sai confuse it with an agricultural implement. Some also believe that the sai is a fishing tool. The weapon visually resembles a fork. It is a pointed trident. However, the middle prong is characterized by a longer length. This is three times longer compared to the outer ones.
  • Variants: The total length of the Sai fork is between 45 and 52 centimeters. You have the choice between a chrome-plated and a matte black model. As for the stock, you can choose between a round or an octagonal variant. If you are interested in this weapon, you will notice that it is available in numerous versions.

Names of the individual parts

Every single part of the Sai Fork has a specific term:

  • Saki stands for the tip
  • Monouchi is the body, this term stands for the long shaft
  • Moto is the center, which represents the cross between the body and the handle
  • Yoku is the wing. It denotes the two side shafts.
  • Tsume is the name for the wing tip
  • Tsuka is the name for the handle.
  • Tsuka-Gashira is the name of the pommel.

Techniques and exercises with the Sai Fork

Sai forks effectively block attack techniques with a stick as well as sword. They clamp the weapons. Thus, the users snatch their weapon from the attackers. However, for proper execution of the technique, fighters need a second Sai Fork in the other hand. Since fighters use both sais simultaneously, attackers have no choice but to drop their sword or stick.

Kobudo masters became aware of the technical possibilities of the sai fork. They were the ones who designed numerous techniques using the sai. Furthermore, they integrated them into their martial arts styles.

Sai forks require intensive training and practice from the users. Initially, fighters devote themselves to the different grip techniques. Within a few seconds, Sai fighters change the grips of their weapons. This allows them to react alternately to different attacks. They are able to repel the attack and strike back in a flash.

The advantage of this weapon is the simultaneous fight of the Sai fork pair. Fighters in this case have an exceptionally high coordination skills. One hand fights while the other performs other movements. In Kobudo, Sai techniques have gained the place of the most sophisticated techniques.

All techniques form an important part of the Sai Jutsu Katas. These have their origin in karate. Strictly speaking, they even represent a meaningful extension of karate. However, there is no weaponless fight with the empty hand, but with the Sai fork. Furthermore, there are different katas for the different application techniques.

Thanks to their construction, Sai forks also functioned as throwing knives in emergencies. However, the throwing technique requires a long and intensive training. In the course of history, Sai Forks developed into an effective police weapon on the island of Okinawa. Police officers were able to disarm armed troublemakers without any bloodshed. Loved ones also appreciated the benefits of Sai forks and carried them with them.

Are Sai forks prohibited by law?

Section 42a of the Weapons Act, in the first paragraph, first of all pronounces a ban on the Sai Fork. Due to its construction, it belongs to the category of “fixed knife with a blade length over 12 centimeters”. However, the second paragraph of the same section mentions an exception.

If there is a justifiable interest for using one of these items such as engaging in a sport or an approved purpose, the sai fork is allowed. However, fighters who use this weapon in training should carry it in a locked case or container. This is an important safety precaution. Furthermore, those carrying this weapon should be of legal age.

Tips for buying a Sai Fork

To purchase a Sai Fork, you should be at least 18 years old. In Germany, proof of age is required when ordering online. The length varies between 42 and 53 centimeters. As a rule, the weapons are made of high-quality steel. In addition, they are chrome-plated. The price depends on your individual preferences and the desired quality.

Prices range from 12 to 70 euros. Besides the steel models, there are also Sai forks made of hard plastic. These are among the cheaper items. The metal variants, on the other hand, cost 69.90 euros.

When buying a Sai fork, you should think about the weight of the weapons. Beginners should first train with the plastic models, as they are lighter than metal Sai forks. This will help you develop a feel for the weapon. Fighters who practice a martial art that involves the use of a sword, practice the same with a wooden sword first. They do not immediately start with a real sword.

Buy Sai Forks

Update: 2023-01-20 / Affiliate Links / Bilder von der Amazon Product Advertising API