An MMA competition is exciting to watch, but how do you actually become a professional fighter? This question can be answered easily: Through hard training. How such a training looks like, which techniques are used and which rules apply, we would like to present in the following article.


MMA Geschichte

MMA Equipment

Every martial artist needs good equipment. This is also true for Mixed Martial Arts. Since many different martial arts are mixed together in this full-contact combat sport, however, there is no uniform clothing. Usually the outfit at the beginning consists of shorts, a rashguard or a tight t-shirt. A mouthguard is also recommended.

Important are the gloves, which protect the opponent as well as their own limbs from serious injury. Different pairs of gloves are often required because you are not only training one-on-one with a partner, but also learning other martial arts – including boxing, Muay Thai, kickboxing and Jiu Jitsu. Each of these martial arts has its own type of gloves.

Graduations in MMA

Mixed Martial Arts is a mixture of several martial arts, so there is no uniform graduation system here, nor are there any specific belt colors. However, it may be that internal graduation levels are common at different schools so that the progress of students can be better compared among themselves. Ultimately, then, MMA is about the competitions won and victories over other professionals.

MMA Techniques

Mixed Martial Arts is still a fairly young sport. It combines all fighting distances, punching, kicking, clinching, ground fighting and throwing, aiming for the least possible restriction by rules.

  • The goal of MMA is to defeat the opponent in a fight until he either gives up by tapping out, the referee stops the fight or the opponent gets knocked out, i.e. faints. Unlike traditional wrestling, MMA does not require the opponent to be pinned to the ground with both shoulders. It is still possible to defeat your opponent even from the supine position.
  • The fighters are divided into several weight classes during competitions. Unlike traditional karate and kung fu styles, for example, mixed martial arts has no techniques or forms that cannot be used directly in combat. Because of the competitive nature, there are also no pure self-defense techniques taught, i.e. no nerve pressure, weapon or disarming techniques. Finger jabs or hand edge strikes are also not trained.

Known techniques in MMA

In Mixed Martial Arts, in principle, all techniques from any combat sport can be used, as long as they comply with the rules. However, since they have a great success in competition, in the course of time some techniques from certain martial arts could crystallize. In the first distance, the stand-up fight, the kicks and punches from martial arts such as Thai boxing, karate, taekwondo, boxing and kickboxing are used. In the second distance, the close combat (clinch fights), the heels and throws from judo, sambo and wrestling are used. In the third distance, i.e. the ground fight (grappling), especially the lever techniques and holds from martial arts such as judo, wrestling, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, Luta Livre and Sambo are used.

Since the techniques as a whole are very extensive, no fighter can master them all equally well. Accordingly, the outcome of the competitions in mixed martial arts is also very unpredictable, which thrills the spectators at the professional fights.

Rules in MMA

Not infrequently, opponents of MMA criticize that there are no rules in this full-contact sport. But this is not correct. Although there are few rules, they certainly exist:

  1. Each fight must be supervised by a referee.
  2. It is fought in weight classes.
  3. There are fouls – in Germany a total of 31.
  4. The fight is stopped if the fighter signals his surrender by tapping, if a participant is knocked out or if the fight is stopped by the referee.

Should none of the last events occur, a victory on points can occur.

Update: 2023-01-20 / Affiliate Links / Bilder von der Amazon Product Advertising API